Preserving our immigration history.


The Indochinese refugee movement


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In 1975, Canada’s largest reception and resettlement of refugees began. From then through to 1999, close to 130,000 Indochinese refugees, including some 60,000 in 1979-80 alone, came to Canada from Viet Nam, Cambodia and Laos. We offer a range of information about that significant movement.

  • Indochinese Refugees: The Canadian Response 1979 and 1980:
    Statistics about the movement 1979-80
    These statistical tables are part two of the government’s report on the first two years of the Indochinese movement and analyze the movement from several different perspectives.
    Part 1 – Narrative about the movement 1979-80
  • Outcomes for Vietnamese refugees in Canada

    In this study, CIHS member Feng Hou analyses Vietnamese refugees’ economic outcomes in Canada over the three decades after their arrival following the fall of Saigon. This study finds that these adult refugees arrived with little human capital, but they had high employment rates, and over time they closed their initial large earnings gap with other immigrants. Childhood Vietnamese refugees out-performed other childhood immigrants and similar-aged Canadian-born individuals in educational attainment and earnings when they reached adulthood.